CALLIANDRA CALOTHYRSUS PDF

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Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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In its native range, grows in annual rainfall regimes ofmm with dry months. Calliandra calothyrsus buds and open flowers of Calliandra calothyrsus Scientific classification Kingdom: Calliandra grows well on a wide range of light textured, low fertility soils from acidic sandy soils to deep volcanic loams.

In exotic locations, grows best atm altitude with annual rainfall of 2, mm and a month dry season. Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandraa leaves, pods and seeds.

Broilers An experiment with calliandra leaf meal showed that growth performance of broilers decreased, although not significantly, with 2. Cattle direct grazing calothyrwus over a month period in Indonesia gained 0. Unlike leucaena, calliandra is resistant to the psyllid and may replace it where the infection occurs Orwa et al.

It can succeed at elevations up to 1, metres, but does best at – metres[ ]. Intestinal digestibility also depends on these factors Salawu et al.

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Others compounds The drying of calliandra leaves alleviated the depressive effect of an unidentified heat labile compound in sheep that depressed feed utilisation Norton,but these positive effects of drying were not in accordance with a former experiment in which drying depressed digestion rate and voluntary intake Palmer et al. A review of research at the University of Queensland. Calliandra can be browsed calliandra cut-and-carried to livestock. Nutrient intake and utilisation by goats calothytsus dried leaves of the shrub legumes Acacia angustissimaCalliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala as supplements to native pasture hay.

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In the native range: Barneby, Calliandra houstoniana var.

Calliandra calothyrsus – Wikipedia

It is used as a nurse tree for partially shade-tolerant timber trees such as Agathis species[ ]. The growth rate of lambs fed air dried Calliandra calothyrsus Calliandra is an N-fixing legume that roots abundantly and nodulates readily with Rhizobium bacteria. Palatability is significantly reduced when wilted or dried leaves are fed at high levels of supplementation. Oxford University Press, UK.

Calliandra calothyrsus

Flowers, immature pods, and seeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology 37pp. Factors affecting bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass Calliandra calothyrsus. Prefers a pH in the range 5 – 6, tolerating 4. Productive in humid tropical locations.

In East Africa its pollinators have not been definitely identified but the flowers are visited by a range of nectar-seeking insects including wasps. The regular pollarding of calliandra promotes coppicing for more than 10 years.

Farmers’ perception and use of planted Calliandra calothyrsus fallow in southern Cameroon. Animal Feed Science and Technology 76, pp. Calliandra calothyrsus Scientific name Calliandra calothyrsus Meissner Common name In the native range: It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 – 30?

Freshly harvested leaves of calliandra are generally highly palatable to ruminants where animals have prior experience with the forage, although some problems with palatability have been reported from Mexico and Central America. Calliandra calliandrra and young shoots provide a high valuable protein source for animals.

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Sustainable animal production and the environment. In Java, calliandra was successfully included in a 10 year rotation based on 4 years calliandra, 4 years sugarcane and 2 years maize Wiersum et al. Palatability of tropical tree legume forage to rabbits. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small leguminous tree or large shrub in the Fabaceae family. Flower sepals and petals are green, calyx 2 mm long, corolla mm long.

Scientific name

Calliandra wood is a source of fibre, pulp and paper Wiersum et al. The lignin content is relatively high.

Under annual coppicing of stems of cm diameter, the tree can survive for many years FAO, Leucaena Leucaena leucocephala Sesban Sesbania sesban. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.

For maximum leaf production, cut to a height of 0. Tarpaulins can be laid under seed trees to collect seed as it falls. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small legume tree able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, [3] which has a positive effect on the nitrogen content in the soil.

At this stage they can be replanted. In situ degradability of organic matter, crude protein and cell wall of various tree forages. Locations within which Calliandra calothyrsus is naturalised include the Indonesian archipelago.

The wood is also used to make charcoal[ ]. Indonesian landraces from Bandung and Maduin performed well as multipurpose accessions, producing high levels of both leaf and wood. Calliandra is a good source of nectar for the production of high quality honey.